When testing children on their literacy, often times comprehension is weighed tremendously in this. Personally, I believe phonics to be extremely important. With this being said, My anticipated thought process is that intensified phonics instruction is only necessary for grade levels up to first grade. Phonics may seem simple, but with an absence of proper phonics instruction, reading for any student would be nearly impossible. Phonics is, to put it simply, an understanding that certain letters make specific sounds; Additionally, understanding that a grouping of simple sounds can form words. Word recognition (identification) at the most basic point should be inclusive with a knowledge of phonics. Although high frequency words should automatically be sounded by students, in order to have students recognize words that require a high cognitive demand to recognize, instructional activities are necessary. For example, the word "Hardship" would be a word I can expect a student
Comprehension is the destination in which should be reached by kids as a result of reading. Comprehension is much more than understanding a story. Without comprehension why would kids want to read in the first place? Comprehension ,and a lack there of, can indicate numerous problems that a child may have. For example, if a child does not assign a sound to a letter it is impossible to comprehend words, and therefore phonemic awareness is something that may be in a child's best interest to focus on. Comprehension difficulties most often stem from a variety of underlying problems (think poor fluency, no phonemic awareness and a lack of appropriate vocabulary).
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